“We had a normal size room. We lived 37 people in one room.”
– Eva Galler
The Germans established ghettos throughout occupied Europe. The Jews in Germany and Austria were concentrated in ‘Jew houses.’ These were ghettoes without walls. As Heydrich elucidated, the Nazi strategy was to concentrate Jews in a single place before “evacuation” to the killings fields and death camps. One fourth of Holocaust victims perished in the ghettos.
Five of our survivors share their memories of the Nazi ghettos: Felicia Fuksman, Eva Galler, Anne Levy, Lila Millen, and Dora Niederman.